Sepsis is the body responding to an infection. If not identified and treated early, it can lead to a medical emergency.

Who is at Risk for Sepsis?

Individuals who have Sepsis before, undergone surgical and invasive diagnostic procedures, chemotherapy or radiation and treatment and individuals less than one year and greater than sixty five years old with:

  • Chronic Illness: Diabetes, Kidney and Liver Failure, Heart Disease
  • Malnutrition
  • Invasive Devices: PICC Lines, Central Lines, Foley Catheters, Implanted Tubes or Ports
  • Surgical, traumatic or chronic wounds

There are Three Stages of Sepsis

Stage 1 Sepsis

  • Temperature greater than 100.4 F or less than 96.8 F
  • Respiratory rate greater than 20 per minute
  • Heart greater than 90 beats per minute
  • An infection such as pneumonia, urinary tract infection, wounds, infected lines/ports

Stage 2 Severe Sepsis

  • Sepsis
  • Signs of organ damage such as decreased urination, altered mental status

Stage 3 Septic Shock

  • Severe Sepsis
  • Steady decreasing blood pressure

How do I recognize when my loved one needs assistance?

Symptoms to watch for include:

  • Fever, shaking, chills
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty waking your family member up
  • Nonstop nausea and vomiting
  • Nonstop diarrhea
  • Fast heart rate
  • Fast breathing
  • Not making as much urine

Decrease chances of getting sepsis by:

  • Washing hands with soap and warm water
  • Keep blood sugar under control
  • Take medications as directed
  • Keep regular doctor appointments